Platte Chat

PCSD #1 EMPLOYER SURVEY

Survey
 Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Dear Employers and Business Owners,

Platte County School District #1 receives federal grant money through the Wyoming Department of Education for the Perkins Career and Technical Education Grant.  This money is used to support our Career and Technical Education programs in all our high schools.  As part of our effort to continually improve, we are asking the Platte County Employers to fill out this quick survey.  The survey results will be shared with the teachers, school administration, school board, and the Chamber of Commerce. Please feel free to call me with any questions or concerns regarding this survey. Thanks so much!!

Tracy de Ryk

Perkins Grant Coordinator

307-322-2075 ext. 5031

 

 

NATTER'S NOTES

Rose Stem Girdler
 Wednesday, September 11, 2019

Fig 2 – Larvae of Agrilus cuprescens, weaken the canewhich may break spontaneously. (James W. Amrine Jr., West Virginia University, Bugwood.org)

Natter’s Notes

Rose stem girdler, a new pest of cranberries & roses

Jean R. Natter

As insects go, rose stem borers, Agrilus cuprescens, (Fig 1) are small metallic beetles in the Family Buprestidae, about a 1/4-inch long when mature. This imported European species attacks two favorite garden plants: Roses and cranberries. Their larvae bore into the stems, eventually girdling them. The growth beyond that point wilts and dies. (Fig 2)

The older name, Agrilus aurichalceus, is still used in various resources. Other common names include bronze cane borer, cane fruit borer, and raspberry borer.

Facts about borers

Before we delve into further details, we need to understand that all insects that bore into plants behave similarly. For rose stem borers, it’s essentially this:

  1. Stressed plants release volatiles (e.g.: ethanol) to attract the pests.
  1. The borers find the host by following a scent emitted by the plant.
  1. The beetles “taste” the plant and, if it’s suitable for attack – adequately stressed – release aggregation pheromones which attract more of their kin.
  1. After sufficient beetles have arrived, they release a “de-aggregation” pheromone which essentially says “Back off, dude.”
  1. The beetles lay eggs on the canes. The larvae hatch and immediately bore into cambium where they feed in a spiral pattern, girdling the stem.
  1. The stem develops a gall (a slight enlargement); the growth beyond the girdle dies.
  2. The 4th instar larvae overwinter in the stem.
  1. Adults emerge about mid-May, mate, and lay eggs singly on canes.
  2. Repeat from #5 the next season.

 

Description

“Flatheaded borers are larvae of a remarkable group of beetles known as buprestids or metallic wood boring beetles, so named for their luminous, metallic exoskeletons. While the adults levy no particular offense other than to nibble a few leaves, their youngsters are real trouble makers and some of the most devastating pests of woody plants.” (http://bugoftheweek.com/blog/2013/1/2/gnarly-roses-rose-stem-girdler-agrilus-aurichalceus)

Here in the northwest, we’re already familiar with another small

invasive buprestid, the Bronze Birch Borer (Agrilus anxious). They inflict

serious damage and, often kill, stressed birch trees by girdling them,

thereby disrupting the flow of the phloem and xylem. (Details at

“Bronze Birch Borer” -

https://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/fidls/bbb/bbb.htm)

Host plants

As you might suspect, hosts of rose stem borers include roses, but also certain other members of the rose family, among them cranberries commonly grown in home gardens, including both raspberry (red and black) and blackberry. Affected roses may be wild or cultivated kinds.

Damage

Affected canes develop a gall (enlargement) at the feeding site which dries, weakens and may break. (Figs 4, 5) Fruit production may decrease. Cranberry plants with normally lush growth may die.

 

Management

Management of rose stem girdler in Oregon is currently limited to cultural methods. Plant in well-drained soil and provide adequate water and fertilizer to avoid plant stress.

Jean R. Natter                                                                                                                                             

Rose Stem Girdler, a new pest of cranberries & roses

When telltale enlargements are seen on the canes, remove them by pruning below the damage, then destroy the pruning’s.

MGs as First Responders

Here’s an important project for you: Help track the spread of Rose Stem Girdler in cranberries and roses.

If you suspect such a diagnosis while volunteering as an MG, or in your own berry patch or rose bed, get images and/or samples. Jot down a history with at least a few known facts, among them the cultivar name of the plants; when the damage was first detected; also, in which town the plants are growing. The most useful images to verify a diagnosis are the entire plant; a view of the affected cane(s); and a cut-away of the affected section.

Next, email the images and history to me (j.r.natter@aol.com). After I verify your tentative diagnosis, I will notify both you and the entomologist. Oh, yes; keep your eyes peeled for this new pest.

Resources

Be cautious while researching rose stem borers. Several insects have similar common names which can lead you astray. (It may be risky to trust information that uses only a common name for the pest.) What you can tell clients, with confidence, about the rose stem girdler is that management is currently limited to removing and discarding (or burning, where allowed) the galled cane(s).

  • Garden Insects of North America; Whitney Cranshaw; 2004; pages 476-477; this book is in each of the metro MG offices.

 

“Gnarly Roses – Rose Stem Girdler”

 

(http://bugoftheweek.com/blog/2013/1/2/g gnarly-roses-rose-stem-girdler-agrilus-aurichalceus)

Jean R. Natter                                                                            Metro MG Newsletter; 2017-11                   Rose Stem Girdler, a new pest of cranberries & roses

 

CRAZY FALL WEATHER IN WYOMING

Hail and tornadoes hit the county
 Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Here is a great photo of the large hail from GOLF BALL TO TENNIS BALL size associated with the tornadic storm earlier this afternoon in Hartville, WY!

Photo Credit: Kari Young

 

Past Posts
Wednesday, September 18, 2019
PCSD #1 Employer Survey
READ MORE
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Natter's Notes
READ MORE
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Crazy fall weather in Wyoming
READ MORE

From our facebook page...

COPYRIGHT Platte County Chamber of Commerce 2019
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED